Canada Express Entry Program was launched in January 2015 by  Citizenship and Immigration Canada for skilled labor to come and join the Canadian workforce.  To understand it better, one must know that the invitations are open throughout the year.

The recent changes

According to the new system introduced by  IRCC, the whole process will now be electronic and all the PR applications will be managed online. It has been named the Canada Express Entry System. Presently, the immigration programs under IRCC are – The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), The Federal Skilled Trades Program, The Canadian Experience Class and the Provincial Nominee Program.

There is no restriction placed on the number of people who can apply through this program. Applicants with experience under the Skill Type 0 : management jobs, Skill Level A: professional jobs and Skill Level B: technical jobs and skilled trades can create their profile in the pool. This will allow the Federal and Provincial governments of the country to choose the eligible applicants.

The Process

The Canadian employers and provinces will further choose from the pool, to find those candidates who can fill positions that are vacant. To be placed in the pool, an applicant must submit an Expression of Interest under any one of the programs. Following this, the highest ranking applicants will be sent an Invitation to Apply [ITA] under any of the above mentioned Canadian Economic Programs.

Once an ITA is received, a candidate must submit a PR application that is fully completed. Such applications will take 6 months or less to be processed. The Canadian Express Entry requires an applicant to be eligible in terms of age, English language proficiency, work experience (in and outside Canada) and educational qualification.

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Essentially, the Express entry program has the following stages:

  • Candidate files an online express entry form and may be asked to provide information related to his Qualifications, Experience, Occupation, Language skills, Canadian Education, Canadian Experience, Spousal language skills and also the presence of any blood relatives in Canada.
  • Canadian Government will review the profile along with relevant documents and information and then indicate the suitable and selected program from – Federal Skilled Worker Program, Skilled Trade, Canada Experience Class and Provincial Nominee Program. For example: if a candidate’s  profile shows that he will meet required pass mark for one of these programs, his / her profile will then be published in the Express Entry Pool.
  • It will be assessed to check whether or not the candidate meets the selection criteria of one these migrant programs. The selection criteria or minimum pass-mark to be eligible to file an application under Express entry program is 67 points. The candidates must meet the basic criteria of one of these categories to be eligible to qualify to be accepted in the “pool” of applications.
  • If he does meet the basic selection criteria, then his application will feature in a “pool” of candidates.
  • The electronic system will then rank the pool of applications and higher the candidate appears in the rank, better are the chances for him to get an invite for filing a Canada PR application.
  • Candidates who meet the selection criteria and have a confirmed job offer from a Canadian employer will be ranked higher in the Express entry pool and will get an invite to file the PR application from IRCC.
  • Candidates meeting the basic selection criteria should attempt finding a suitable employment to increase their scores and chances of receiving an invitation.
  • Candidates can conduct an active job search and mail their profile directly to various employers and against advertised vacancies on the net.
  • In addition, the candidate can file their profile/resume in the Canada “Job Bank” where Canadian Employers, Federal and Provincial governments will access it. Job Bank will help to connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.
  • Also, each of the provinces will have a limited quota of candidates that it can nominate and hence the provinces can also be approached for the nomination. Candidates meeting the selection criteria, having a provincial nomination will mean a “higher” rank in the pool.


  • Qualification / Education Assessment.
  • INVITATION TO APPLY FOR VISA (ITA): i.e. Filing of an online application form to create a profile for Invitation. After the submission of your Express entry profile, and you have been selected in one of the rounds, The Canadian Immigration will issue an ITA by email, meaning that, you are qualified for the Canadian Permanent residency program.
  • PERMANENT RESIDENCY APPLICATION: Submission of visa application, Medical Examination, Police clearance certificate and visa fee.



  1. What is Canada Express Entry?

Canada Express Entry is a new way to manage applications that IRCC receives through various economic immigration programs. People who qualify and meet the criteria of these programs will be placed into a database pool. The Canadian employers, Government of Canada, Provincial and Territorial Governments will be able to directly shortlist candidates from this pool.

2. How Does It Work?

Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Candidates will be awarded points for:

  • a job offer and/or
  • a provincial/territorial nomination and/or
  • skills and experience – factors that contribute to success in Canada.
  1. What is the maximum age of dependents for Express Entry?

As of August 2014, the age for dependent children was 19 years. The new regulatory change increases the maximum age of dependents to 22.

  1. Should I be physically present in Canada before applying for citizenship?

Applicants must be physically present in Canada for three out of five years before applying for citizenship, instead of previous four out of six years.

  1. Should I be physically present in Canada during my PR period?

Applicants no longer have to be physically present in Canada for 183 consecutive days in four out of the six years preceding their application, so they can now travel for things such as work or education.

  1. How do I count my days to meet my requirement for citizenship?

Applicants may count each day they were physically present in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident as a half-day toward meeting the physical presence requirement for citizenship, up to a maximum credit.

  1. What is the age requirement to meet the citizenship requirement?

Applicants between 18 and 54 years must meet the language and knowledge requirements for citizenship instead of the previous 14 to 64-year-old age range.

  1. Are All Immigration Programs Covered Under Canada Express Entry?

No, Canada Express Entry will apply only to three Canadian economic programs:

  • Federal  Skilled Worker  Program.
  • Federal Skilled Traders Program, and
  • Canadian Experience Class.
  1. Are Canada Express Entry Requirements Different from Other Immigration Programs?

Express Entry requirements are no different from the above immigration program requirements. Express Entry Canada is not a new economic program in itself, but a novel way to manage the applications IRCC receives online through the various immigration programs it runs throughout the year. It will enable IRCC to simplify and deal with online applications and process them faster to reduce the wait time.

  1. Is there Any Cap on Canada Express Entry Pool?

Any number of people can submit their profile in the Express Entry Pool. There’s no limit/cap as such. However, Invitations to Apply (ITA) for Permanent Residence will be based on the Annual Immigration Level Plan.

  1. How Often Will IRCC send out ITAs?

IRCC will carry outdraws every few weeks on a regular basis and post the results on its website. Candidates who receive ITA will have to submit a complete PR application which will be processed in 6 months or less.

All job offers received through Job Bank or through the Provincial Nominee Programs will be subject to Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC’s) LMIA requirements in place at that time.